If you keep a domestic cat that does not go outside, then you probably should not worry about the diseases that it can spread. But if your cat has access to the open air, then you should take care of this. Cats can not only transmit various diseases to humans but can also be carriers of various infections and viruses that are in the environment. Read the full article to know diseases humans can get from cats.
Diseases from cats
Toxoplasmosis, one of the most common zoonotic infections, can be transmitted from cats to humans. Cats can become infected with toxoplasmosis if they dig through litter or eat infected prey. The infection can also spread through cat feces, so if your cat looks more like a street one than a domestic one. Then you should very carefully dispose of the filler from its tray.
A rabies cat can infect a person if it is scratched or bitten. This disease is incurable. If the pet has symptoms of rabies (outbreaks of aggression, salivation, foam from the mouth, paralysis of the extremities, fear of water), then isolate it for 10 days. If the host is bitten by a sick animal, it is necessary to rinse the wound with water and consult a doctor in the first few hours to administer a special vaccine.
Only in this case, there is a chance for recovery.
Other names for this ailment are microsporidia or trichophytosis. It is caused by fungi, which are dangerous not only for cats but also for humans. On the skin appear clearly defined rough areas that turn red and itch very much. Skin disease is not fatal and treats well. The animal is given a vaccine against this infection.
The affected areas are treated with ointments of clotrimazole and griseofulvin, iodine, or salicylic alcohol 10%. If necessary, prescribe antibiotics.
The disease is especially dangerous for pregnant women, as it provokes miscarriages and the development of pathologies in the fetus. With toxoplasmosis, symptoms resembling influenza appear the lymph nodes increase, conjunctivitis develops, and the temperature rises.
A person can become infected with toxoplasmosis through feces (and they must lie in the tray for at least 3-5 days). Another transmission route is cat nose discharge, but this only applies to the acute stage of the disease. A pet that has chronic toxoplasmosis cannot infect the owner in this way.
This ailment is very rare. The causative agent is mycobacterium bovis mycobacteria, which are dangerous. Infection occurs by airborne droplets and by contact (through common objects).
A sick animal coughs heavily, breathing heavily, there may be non-healing wounds on the skin. Lymph nodes increase in size, conjunctivitis may develop. If Mycobacterium bovis has been detected in a pet, it is recommended that the animal be euthanized, as it becomes dangerous for people around.
Scientists still have not figured out whether this microorganism is dangerous to humans, therefore, in contact with a sick pet, safety precautions must be observed.
You can recognized Chlamydia by the following symptoms:
- runny nose
- weakness in the limbs.
Helminthiasis – diseases caused by migration in the skin or in the internal organs of a person that are not characteristic of larvae of various animal helminths that do not reach puberty in the human body. Cats can become infected with helminths from soil contaminated with them. A person becomes infected with such parasites, usually through feces. So you should always keep the sandbox for children closed from any animals. To prevent infection with helminthiasis, just wash your hands before eating. To prevent a parasitic infection, you should also regularly show your cat to your veterinarian.