The average life span of a domestic cat is 13 years. Competent pet care, balanced nutrition, trips to the veterinarian extend this indicator to 18-20 years. The cat’s stomach is not arranged in the same way as in humans. You can not give your pet food from the table and ignore the norms of feeding. Read the full article to know how much to feed your cat
How much to feed a cat
In the feline world, there are both picks that turn your nose off food, and gluttons that require a new portion every 2 hours. When forming a diet, you should not focus on the pet’s appetite, otherwise you may encounter the problem of obesity. It is necessary to strictly follow the established norms of feeding.
The amount of feed consumed depends on the following factors:
- Health status;
Kittens up to 6 months of age require more food (relative to body weight) for growth and development than adult cats. Feed the babies 3-4 times a day in small portions.
Adolescents older than 6 months are given food 2-3 times a day, and an adult cat 1-2 times a day. With the onset of old age, the appetite in cats decreases, which is associated with a slowdown in metabolism and a deterioration in the condition of teeth and gums. A cat of 7 years and older need one-time meals.
The above describes healthy animals. Diseases and problems with well-being make adjustments to the diet.
Appetite worsens in cats with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys. No need to force a pet to eat. First you need to show it to the vet.
There are breeds that require more food due to the large size of the body or increased mobility. These include British and Scottish, Maine Coon, Ragdoll .
After sterilization (castration), the metabolism of the pet slows down. He becomes prone to gain weight. The sterilized cat should be fed less frequently or in small portions. If you are going to give her food, choose the brands of the diet line.
A pregnant and recently born cat, on the other hand, is fed more and more often because the body needs a lot of nutrients.
Most hosts provide dry pet food for cats. This type of food has several advantages.
- Balanced in composition. Pressed granules contain the necessary meat proteins, vitamins, trace elements, amino acids, taurine. When compiling a diet from natural food yourself, problems can arise.
- Individual approach. On the shelves of pet stores there are a variety of lines: diet, for kittens, cats with sensitive digestion, sterilized, patients with tartar.
- Simplicity in calculation. The package indicates the recommended frequency of feeding and the amount of food, depending on the age and weight of the pet.
- Long shelf life.
- Save time on the host.
Do not mix dry food with natural products. For the digestion of raw meat (offal, fish) and pellets, the body secretes various enzymes. Their combination will increase the load on the liver and pancreas. Mixing balanced granules with natural products will lead to an excess of some substances and a lack of others.
Do not transfer the pet abruptly from one type of dry granules to another.
The rate of dry food per day
Specify the exact information on the packaging of a particular product. General indicators of feed norms per day are shown in the table.
|Weight, kg)||Daily Dose (g)||Kitten age (months)||Daily Dose (g)|
|6 and more||12 g per 1 kg of weight||6-12||60-80|
Wet foods have approximately the same composition as dry foods, plus they contain water. Suitable for pets who are forbidden to eat dry granules for health reasons (urolithiasis, tartar), and cats that are not inclined to drink plenty of fluids. A significant minus is a high price.
Wet feeding rules:
- You can only combine with dry food of the same line, observing the dosages indicated on the packages.
- Unfinished granules should not be stored at room temperature. They should be placed in tightly closed containers and put in the refrigerator.
How many times a day to feed a cat with wet food?
The general rule is 1-2 times a day. In the morning, you can give the cat a portion of dry food, and in the evening – wet. Kittens are fed 3-4 times a day.
The rate of wet feed per day
Depends on the specific product, the age of the pet. Super-premium feeds are the most nutritious, so less per serving is required. Averaged indicators (grams of feed per day) are shown in the table below.
|Weight, kg)||Daily requirement (g)||Kitten age (months)||Daily requirement (g)|
|6 and more||300||9-12||170-255|
Super-premium feeds are more expensive than meat, and there is no guarantee that you will buy quality pellets. To be calm about the health of a cat, you need to choose a natural type of feeding and take time to study suitable products.
The basis of the diet is meat protein (at least 50%, better – 75%). It is contained in the following products:
- A hen;
- Offal (liver, kidneys, ventricles, lungs);
It is better to give the meat in raw form in small pieces, previously freezing. Boil offal. Pork is not suitable, as it is too fat. The meat is given to the pet every day.
You need to be careful with fish. If you offer a cat such a product, then no more than 1 time in 2 weeks, the only sea, in boiled form, without bones. Frequent use of fish leads to urolithiasis, river species are teeming with worms.
Boiled offal and meat are mixed with cereals. Raw meat is given in a separate reception. Of cereals suitable rice, buckwheat, oats. Corn, wheat, and barley are poorly digested by the pet’s stomach, as they contain gluten. Cereals offer a pet 2-3 times a week.
Additionally, the cat is given the following products:
- Quail eggs (1 time per week);
- Cottage cheese (2-3 times a week);
- Sour-milk drinks ( kefir, sour cream, natural yogurt, cream). If there are no digestive disorders, they can be offered every day;
- Vegetables: carrots, zucchini, beets, cabbage, cucumbers, broccoli (every day);
- Sprouted oats grass (every day).
With natural feeding, vitamin-mineral complexes for cats are included in the diet. The exact dosage and frequency of admission are selected by the veterinarian.
How many times a day to feed a cat with natural products?
A healthy adult pet will have 2-3 meals. Kittens are fed more often in small portions.
The daily weight of food consumed for an adult cat is 5% by weight. At the same time, at least 50% should be accounted for by meat and offal. They are supplemented either with cereals with vegetables or dairy products. More detailed indicators in grams are given in the table below. For kittens, the daily portion is divided into 4-6 receptions, depending on age.
Daily rate of natural products for a cat, grams
|Adult Cat Weight (kg)||Meat and offal (daily)||Cereals (2-3 times a week)||Vegetables (daily)||Sour-milk drinks (daily, if there are no problems with the gastrointestinal tract)|
Approximate diet for a week
Breakfast – 60 g of boiled chicken, 60 g of pearl barley porridge, 20 g of boiled carrots.
Dinner – 50 grams of raw beef.
Breakfast – 40 g of boiled sea fish, 20 g of boiled zucchini.
Dinner – 60 g of raw veal, sprouted oats.
Breakfast – 80 g of kefir.
Dinner – 80 g of boiled chicken hearts.
Breakfast – 40 g of raw beef, 40 g of raw lung, 10 g of fresh cucumbers.
Dinner – 40 g of boiled chicken fillet, 50 g of buckwheat porridge.
Breakfast – 30 g of cottage cheese, 40 g of cream.
Dinner – 70 g of boiled turkey, 50 g of rice, 20 g of boiled carrots.
Breakfast – meatballs (60 g low-fat minced meat mixed with 20 g ground cabbage and broccoli), 40 g oatmeal.
Dinner – 50 g of raw beef, greens.
Breakfast – 2 quail eggs, 30 g of cottage cheese.
Dinner – 50 g of boiled chicken, 60 g of rice porridge.