Fleas make the life of domestic animals unbearable, and in humans only with the thought of parasites itching begins. Veterinarians are often asked how to get cat fleas out of the house, what are the most effective pills, drops, collars, or shampoo for cats from fleas. According to experts, the answer to the question of how to get rid of cat fleas in the house lies in their biology.
There is no single method or insecticide that completely destroys (or at least controls) these insects. The life cycle of a flea is quite complex. Only an understanding of the various stages of development will help get rid of them.
Together, all flea species have a common scientific name – Siphonaptera. Feline fleas, Ctenocephalides felix, are the most common fleas in the US. They parasitize on cats, dogs, humans and other mammals and birds.
- Fleas thrive in warm, humid environments and temperate climates. The main food is the blood of the host animal.
- Fleas are used as a mammalian host in 95% of cases. They can also infect birds (in 5% of cases).
- Flea saliva, like other blood-sucking parasites, contains an ingredient that softens or “digests” the host’s skin for easier penetration and feeding. Flea saliva is a strong irritant. All the signs of an allergic reaction appear precisely against the background of its effect – it begins to itch, there is a desire to scratch, skin burns, and the like.
Steps to get rid of cat fleas in the house
1. We process water vapor
Despite the fact that the expensive steam treatment method is effective in controlling flea eggs. You will need a steam generator, steam cleaner or at least an inexpensive steamer.
Vacuum the floors and furniture thoroughly at least 1-2 times a week to destroy flea eggs, larvae, and pupae. Focus on the places where your pet is sleeping, paying particular attention to the places under the furniture. In case of severe infection, you can put the whole flea collar or its part (for example, 1/4, having cut it) in a bag for a vacuum cleaner.
3. We wash the pet’s bedding in hot soapy water
Wash or dry things at maximum temperature, 1 time per week. High temperature destroys fleas at all their life stages of development, including eggs. It is important to remember that flea eggs are very slippery and easily fall from bedding or blankets. Carefully fold the sheets, and put them in the washing machine, being careful not to spread flea eggs around the house.
4. Change the diet
Add enough natural or brewer’s yeast and garlic to your animal’s food. Scientific studies prove the effect of yeast in flea control. From time to time, they try to challenge this effect, but it’s still worth a try. Yeast can also be rubbed directly into the animal’s hair.
5. Comb the animal
Using a flea comb will help in removing fleas from your pet. Most pet stores sell special fine-toothed combs designed to clean lice, hair-eaters, downy-eaters, and the like ectoparasites. Regular use of this method, even while watching TV or talking on the phone, will greatly reduce the risk of getting a flea. Depending on the degree of infection and the time of year, it can be daily (at the beginning of the flea season-summer), weekly or monthly. Gently but thoroughly comb the skin of the cat or dog, especially in the head, neck, back, and hind limbs.
6. We process salt
Treat the rugs with mineral salt. This will kill the fleas. Salts are effective for 1 year, they safely kill fleas at all stages of development for 3-5 weeks.
7. Do not touch the ants
It’s more correct to say: “do not interfere with ants.” They like to eat flea eggs and larvae. This is another reason not to use pesticides that kill all insects in the garden.
8. Cooking herbal powder
You will find the powders in pet stores and natural food stores, or you can make them yourself if there are herbs in the house. A mixture of herbs usually includes the following ingredients: eucalyptus, rosemary, fennel, yellow dock, wormwood, and root. Apply the powder gently to the cat’s coat, folding it back with your hand or comb and sprinkling it on the base of the coat, especially on the neck, back and stomach. For serious infections, repeat several times a week. Some herbal flea powders also contain natural pyrethrins, which are used to control insects.