In this article, we will talk in detail about worms in cats, symptoms, and treatment. Undoubtedly, pet owners are very happy when a cat crosses the threshold of a house for the first time. Communication with the pet gives joy and pleasure. But a cat is not only a fluffy lump of happiness but also a responsibility. The owner should know what kind of worms cats have (helminths) and what organs they can infect, be able to recognize helminthic invasion, understand the drugs used for deworming.
What are worms
Answering this question, it would be more correct to say: “not what”, but “who are the worms”! Worms (helminths in cats) are endoparasites, worms that live and breed in the body. These include nematodes (the most common in cats), tapeworms, and trematodes. Infection in cats occurs through the eggs of worms or larvae. For cats, there are species-specific parasites. There is a group of especially dangerous helminths that pose a threat to human health.
Types of Worms in Cats
|Title||Features||Symptoms in a cat|
|Pulmonary worms||This infection gets into the cat if he drinks from a dirty source, eats crustaceans. Ribbon worms destroy the lungs with cystic formations||heat; refusal of food; fever; wheezing and frequent coughing.|
|Cucumber tapeworm||The parasite can easily settle in both the cat’s body and in the human. In a cat, the size of the tapeworm rarely exceeds 30 cm. The danger is expressed by damage to the intestinal walls. The parasite can bring fleas and eaters.||Pet vomits, he loses weight, irritable. In the stomach, diarrhea constantly rumbles and appears.|
|Wide ribbon||The parasite grows in the body up to 1.5 meters in an animal and up to 12 meters in a person. You can get infected by eating raw fish, crustaceans, and drinking river water.||diarrhea; lack of appetite; vomiting weight loss.|
|Liver fluke||The flukier has chosen a liver as a home, he does not disdain the pancreas and gall bladder. To acquire such a neighbor, you can eat raw fish.||Vomiting is colored in shades of yellow, there is no appetite, the animal is weakened. Diarrhea appears and the temperature may rise. Complex treatment is used here, in view of the inefficiency of standard treatment.|
|The causative agents of alveococcosis||The parasite reaches a length of 4-5 mm and does not pose a danger to the cat. For many years this neighborhood has been going quite peacefully, but once a person gets infected, trouble will come. It is difficult to diagnose, the patient is threatened with death due to metastases in different organs, a liver tumor develops. The worm can enter the body as a result of eating a rodent.||There are no symptoms.|
|Toxocara||The localization of five-centimeter helminths is the esophagus, gall bladder and liver. Food becomes the source of infection; cases of intrauterine infection are also known. The parasite is dangerous for kittens, as the rapid development of toxocars begins, which is fraught with ruptures in the small intestine.||Symptoms are not observed.|
|Hookworms||The size of these guests of the cat’s organism does not exceed 1 cm. The intestines are chosen as the place of residence of the hookworm, and blood is chosen as the source of nutrition. Helminth eggs can enter the body with food, larvae can penetrate even through the skin of a pet.||The appetite is reduced, the animal is lethargic and lethargic to everything. The stool is liquid, blood is noticeable in it.|
Treatment for Worms in Cats
The anthelmintic treatment prescribed by a veterinarian after tests. Its required to accurately determine the enemy and to locate the lesion. Why is a veterinarian consultation required? Because each anthelmintic medication acts on one type of parasite, and it is not so simple to remove worms in a cats. But there are complex preparations that act on a certain number of helminths. The treatment regimen is simple: the worm medicine is given once in the morning, then the treatment is repeated after 10 days. Also, deworming carried out before vaccination for 10 days. Anthelmintic cats in 2-3 weeks before and 3 weeks after giving birth.
Worm pills for cats are a fairly modern form. Many anthelmintics are produced in tablets. They almost always add meat flavoring additives for better eating.
How to give a cat a worm pill
It is best to crush the tablet into powder and roll it into a ball with a delicious treat, but the animal on its back and unclench its jaws. The medicinal ball stuffed into the mouth of the pet and close it, stroking the pussy down the throat. Once the swallowing movement is done, you need to make sure that the medication is swallowed.
Injections against worms are very effective since the drug immediately enters the bloodstream, which feeds most parasites. Usually used only by veterinarians in a clinic setting. Their use requires careful dosing, and an overdose will undoubtedly cause side effects.
Drops on the withers from worms
Drops at the withers for cats against worms are a new class of drugs. Usually, they work not only against endoparasites but also against fleas and ticks. The active substance is absorbed into the blood through the skin, so it is very important to follow the technique of applying drops.
Folk remedies for worms for cats
The effectiveness of folk remedies against worms is doubtful. They can help in the early stages of infection but are completely useless with moderate to severe invasion. Folk anthelmintics are unsafe. It is difficult to dose herbal remedies, and an overdose easily causes poisoning. Allergic reactions often occur. From herbs recommend tincture of wormwood and a decoction of tansy.
Prevention of Worms in Cats
Better than treating worms in cats, do everything possible to prevent the arrival of unwanted guests in the body of a pet. If you approach the content of the cat responsibly, then this threat of invasion is minimized:
- the animal can not be treated with raw fish, and neither sea nor freshwater. Raw meat is also excluded: all products should be properly boiled;
- it is important to change the litter often – helminth eggs also remain on it;
- the tray is kept clean, the filler is often changed. Once a week it is better to disinfect the toilet;
- preventive deworming is carried out every three months. Particular attention is paid to those cats that have the ability to walk;
- deworming is also carried out 2-3 weeks before mating, 3 weeks before birth, and, if necessary, 3 weeks after.